WhatsApp End To End Encryption: WhatsApp, a social media platform owned by Facebook, has successfully completed the development of an end-to-end encryption feature. This feature allows backing up WhatsApp chats on Android and iOS devices. In the near future, this feature will be available to users on both platforms. By introducing this backup feature, WhatsApp aims to enhance privacy and security for users’ chats. It’s important to note that this feature will be optional and not mandatory.
Instant Messaging app, as a subsidiary of Facebook, asserts that this WhatsApp end to end encryption feature will provide users with a superior level of security. With this feature, the users can secure their messages and conversations. Thus, surpassing that of any other messaging service currently in operation.
WhatsApp End to End Encryption
In coming weeks or a month, the same feature will be rolling out to the iOS and Android users. The feature will be available for those who back up their chats on iCloud or Google Drive. The forthcoming feature will ensure that users’ chats and messages remain under encryption even when they are stored in the cloud. These chats and messages will be stored as part of WhatsApp’s backup service. It is worth noting that WhatsApp has been providing end to end encryption for messages and chats since 2016. The new feature will be available as an extension of the existing encryption capability. Thus, further enhancing the security and privacy of user communications.
🎉 WhatsApp is the leading global messaging service to offer *both* end-to-end encrypted messaging and backups on iCloud or Google Drive. 🎉
So you can make sure that bestie’s voice messages and mum’s secret recipe will be safely stored in a place only you can access.
— WhatsApp (@WhatsApp) September 10, 2021
WhatsApp users can enable this feature manually inside the instant messaging app. In the official statement, the company said that “Now, We’re introducing this feature to share our methodology with the rest of the technical community before it’s available to our beta testers and, eventually, regular people”. The company further added that “In coming weeks, the end-to-end encryption feature for chats backup will be added as an additional layer of security for general public”.
The app users those who wants to back up their chat history can make use of this end-to-end encrypted backup feature. The feature will offer single user authentication. No other person will be able to unlock their backup, not even WhatsApp.
How to access end-to-end encryption feature for chat backup on WhatsApp?
To access this feature, the instant messaging company will be providing options for the users to either remember a 64-bit key or choose a password that the company does not know or cannot access. This password will also remain unanimous for both Apple or Google. Let’s take a look at how this end-to-end encryption feature for chats backup will work. How to enable this feature?
Hardware Security Module (HSM)
In a blogpost Facebook said that it has developed a new system for encryption key storage for Android and iOS platform. Once the feature get active, their backups will be encrypted with unique and randomly generated encryption key. Additionally, users can also opt to secure the backup with manual key or with a user generated password. The company confirms that if the user opts for a password, then the key will store in the Backup Key Vault. This is built on a component known as the Hardware Security Module (HSM).
Whenever a user wants to access their backup chats, they can access it with the help of encryption key or by using their own personal password. By any of these two methods, they can retrieve their encryption key from the Backup Vault. With this, they can easily decrypt their backup. To prevent brute-force attacks, the HSM-based Backup Key Vault will make a key permanently unavailable after a certain number of unsuccessful tries. WhatsApp claims that it will know that the key exists.
How Encryption keys gets store on Backup Key Vault?
For WhatsApp End to End Encryption, the instant messaging app will be using its front-end service called ChatD. It will handle link between the client connection and client-server authentication. Additionally, it will also implement a proper protocol to send keys to backup to and from the servers. During this process, the smartphone and HSM-Based Backup Key Vault will exchange encrypted messages. Moreover, ChatD will not have access to the messages sent between the client’s phone and the firm’s servers, according to the company.
According to the business, the HSM-based Backup Key Vault service will be geographically spread across various data centers to correctly handle encryption keys and guarantee that they are always available. In the event of a data center outage, this will assist in keeping the backup keys operational. Also Read: OnePlus Buds Pro could launch with adaptive noise cancellation, better battery backup
HSM-based Backup Key Vault and the encryption and decryption process
When a user decides to protect their end-to-end encrypted backup with a personal password, their key is transmitted to the HSM-based Backup Key Vault, where it will be stored and safeguarded.
To access a key for WhatsApp End to End Encryption, a user will follow these given steps:
- Enter the password to verify the Backup Key Vault
- The Backup Key Vault will send the encryption key to the user’s smartphone
- With this key on smartphone, user can now decrypt their end-to-end encrypted backups.
The instant messaging company believes that in the current scenario the society needs best privacy and security features. These days billion of users have sensitive digital information in form of private message, chats and much more. This information is vulnerable to theft by hackers and criminals. To protect this data, the company will be offering high level of security to the users. To offer even more privacy, WhatsApp will be rolling out this end-to-end encryption feature for chat backup to the general users.
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